Towards the development society, the work of career orientation has been priority position in the policies of education in many countries on the world. However, in Vietnam, this task has not attracted the properly attention. The work of occupational orientation consultation in Vietnam still stop at direction, but occupational orientation has not development, especially with the students and pupils in the vocational education institution, university and lack of the experts, lecturers on occupational orientation who are knowledgeable on occupational orientation psychology.
The Forum focused on solutions to improve the effectiveness of occupational orientation in order to help young people identify development way appropriated with their abilities and conditions; contributing to improve the efficiency of human resource development.
Participants focused on issues such as occupational orientation, labour market information, job creation, policies support labour export, and support young people starting their businesses. Most of the opinion are direct and frank, referring to the current aspirations and urgency of Vietnamese youth in terms of occupational orientation, vocational issues, employment, loans and start-up support.
Answering the questions in the forum, about the issues on career orientation, Minister Dao Ngoc Dung said that in general, young people wanted to study at university, this aspiration was reasonable and encouraged; However, it should be based on ability, capacity of each person ... Accordingly, the best career orientation ensured that each individual must find the suitable job. Collegeing was not the only way to make a living. "Specifically, I recently surveyed vocational training situation in Ho Chi Minh City and met many cases students graduated with good academic achievements, but they did not study at the university, and chose to study tour guide, restaurant, Hotel service; so far, they has been a stable job and affirmed that was the right choice" Minister Dao Ngoc Dung said.
Facing to the situation of the unemployment of more than 200,000 students, Minister Dao Ngoc Dung said that it is necessary to improve the quality of vocational education and university education in order to solve this problem. MOLISA is planning a vocational education network and reforming the training method and identifying the year of 2018 will be a year of breakthroughs in the field of vocational education. According to the project, there will be 3 breakthroughs in vocational education including self-reliance in mechanism, human resource; financial self-reliance; business connection. MOLISA will promote communication and raise awareness for the society to consider vocational training is normal.
At the Forum, Mr.Truong Anh Dung, Deputy Director General of the Directorate of Vocational Education (MOLISA), said that, in the forthcoming time, besides the implementation capacity training for trainees, the schools from high school to university will provide soft-skills training, including start-up skills for students. In this October, the MOLISA and the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) have submitted to the Government for approval the Decision on the Scheme of supporting start-up for students with the goal of promoting the start-up spirit of students; training and improving start up skills; create an environment that promotes the idea of start-up projects. The target of the scheme in 2020 are 100% colleges, universities, colleges must have plans to support students in start-up; 90% of schools will have specific plans to train the skills in start-up; 70% of universities and 50% of high schools develop and realize two start-up projects. MOLISA is developing the plan which will be implemented in December. Along with completing the start-up syllabus, in the coming time, training and fostering cadres of start-up teachers will be paid attention.